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Workers in certain fields are at higher risk of contracting some contagious diseases. If you are a healthcare worker, you may need to get certain vaccinations. Healthcare workers include physicians, nurses, emergency medical personnel, dental professionals, medical and nursing students, laboratory technicians, pharmacists, hospital volunteers and administrative staff.

The CDC recommends that healthcare workers be up-to-date with the following vaccinations:

In fact, your state or employer may even require you to be vaccinated against certain diseases, such as influenza.

Learn about the vaccine requirements are for healthcare workers in your state.


Certain lifestyle factors increase your risk of contracting contagious diseases. Your background, behaviors and travel habits may affect which vaccines you need as an adult. Be sure to talk to your doctor about your lifestyle to find out which vaccines you need.

Factors that might indicate a need for vaccination include:

  • Smoking. If you smoke cigarettes, you may need to get a pneumococcal vaccine.
  • Being born outside of the U.S. If you were born outside of the U.S., you may need to get a hepatitis A vaccine.
  • Being a man who has sex with men. If you are a man who has sex with men, you may need to get a hepatitis A, hepatitis B and/or HPV vaccine.
  • Not being in a long-term monogamous relationship. If you are not in a long-term monogamous relationship, you may need to get a hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Drug use. If you use injectable or non-injectable drugs, you may need to get a hepatitis A and/or hepatitis B vaccine.
  • International travel. If you are planning to travel outside of the U.S., you may need to get a hepatitis A, hepatitis B, polio, meningococcal, and/or MMR vaccine.
  • Being in close contact with an international adoptee. Adopted children are not the only ones who should be up-to-date on vaccinations. You should also be up-to-date on your vaccinations. In addition, you should be sure to have specific vaccinations for travel before traveling to your child’s country of origin. It is very important to make sure that any other children or caregivers in the adopted child’s new home are up-to date on their vaccinations as well.

Additional Resources

Healthcare Personnel Vaccination Recommendations - In Brief (IAC)