Jobs, Lifestyle and Travel

Vaccines You May Need Based on Your Job

If you are a healthcare worker (i.e., physicians, nurses, emergency medical personnel, dental professionals, medical and nursing students, laboratory technicians, pharmacists, hospital volunteers and administrative staff), you may be at higher risk for exposure to serious, and possibly deadly, infectious diseases. And, if you work directly with patients or handle certain materials, you could spread infection. To help protect yourself, your patients, and your family members, get vaccinated to help reduce the chance that you will get or spread vaccine-preventable diseases.

The CDC recommends that healthcare workers be up-to-date with the following vaccinations:

Your state or employer may even require you to be vaccinated against certain diseases, such as flu. Learn about the vaccine requirements for healthcare workers in your state.

View IAC’s Healthcare Personnel Vaccination Recommendations – In Brief

View Immunization of Health-Care Personnel: Recommendations of the ACIP

Vaccines You May Need Based on Your Lifestyle

Certain lifestyle factors increase your risk of getting certain diseases. Your background and behaviors may affect which vaccines you need as an adult. Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider about your lifestyle to find out which vaccines you need.

Factors that might indicate a need for vaccination include:

  • Smoking – If you smoke cigarettes, you may need to get pneumococcal vaccines.
  • Being born outside of the U.S. – If you were born outside of the U.S., you may need to get hepatitis A vaccine.
  • Being a man who has sex with men – If you are a man who has sex with men, you may need hepatitis A, hepatitis B and/or HPV vaccine.
  • Not being in a long-term monogamous relationship – If you are not in a long-term monogamous relationship, you may need hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Drug use – If you use injectable or non-injectable drugs, you may need to get a hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine.  Learn about the current hepatitis A outbreaks in the U.S. among people using drugs and/or people experiencing homelessness.
  • Being in close contact with an international adoptee – Adopted children are not the only ones who should be up-to-date on vaccinations. You should also be up-to-date on your vaccinations. In addition, you should be sure to have specific vaccinations for travel before traveling to your child’s country of origin. It is very important to make sure that any other children or caregivers in the adopted child’s new home are up-to date on their vaccinations as well.
  • Homeless – If you are homeless, you may need hepatitis A vaccine. Learn about the current hepatitis A outbreaks in the U.S. among people using drugs and/or people experiencing homelessness.
Vaccines for Travelers

While travel exposes you to new cultures and environments, it can also expose you to serious contagious diseases. Before you travel, particularly if you are traveling internationally, it’s always a good idea to ask your family’s healthcare providers which vaccines you will all need before you go. By getting all the recommended vaccines before your trip, you’ll increase your family’s chances of enjoying your time abroad without a trip to a clinic or hospital. Vaccinating also helps make sure that you don’t bring back infectious and potentially deadly diseases to the U.S.

Commonly-Recommended Travel Vaccines

Everyone in your family should be up-to-date on all of CDC’s routinely recommended vaccinations before traveling to any destination. Some of the other vaccines that may be recommended before you and/or your family members travel depend on where you plan to visit and what type of trip you are planning.  Vaccines you may need include:

Click on the vaccines listed above to see more about their recommended use for travelers. For a list of recommended vaccinations for any destination in the world, consult the CDC’s Travelers’ Health website.

Travelers with weakened immune systems and older adults should look at the CDC’s Travelers’ Health website and talk to their healthcare provider to see which vaccines are best for them and to find out if any extra precautions need to be taken during their trip.

COVID-19 Vaccine and Travel Within the U.S. and Internationally

The CDC has made recommendations related to travel within the U.S. and internationally.

Travel Within the U.S

If you are not fully vaccinated and must travel, the CDC recommends the following steps to protect yourself and others from COVID-19:

    • Before you travel:
      • Get tested with a viral test 1-3 days before your trip.
    • While you are traveling:
      • Wearing a mask over your nose and mouth is required on planes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation traveling into, within, or out of the United States and while indoors at U.S. transportation hubs such as airports and stations. Travelers are not required to wear a mask in outdoor areas of a conveyance (like on a ferry or the top deck of a bus). CDC recommends that travelers who are ully vaccinated continue to wear a mask and maintain physical distance when traveling.
      • Avoid crowds and stay at least 6 feet from anyone who is not traveling with you.
      • Wash your hands often or use hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol).
    • After you travel:
      • Get tested with a viral test 3-5 days after travel AND stay home and self-quarantine for a full 7 days after travel.
        • Even if you test negative, stay home and self-quarantine for the full 7 days.
        • If your test is positive, isolate yourself to protect others from getting infected.
      • If you don’t get tested, stay home and self-quarantine for 10 days after travel.
      • Avoid being around people who are at increased risk for severe illness for 14 days, whether you get tested or not.
      • Self-monitor for COVID-19 symptoms; isolate and get tested if you develop symptoms.
      • Follow all state and local recommendations or requirements.
    • Visit your health department’s website to look for the latest information on where to get tested for COVID.

If You are Fully Vaccinated

  • People who are fully vaccinated with an FDA-authorized vaccine (Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson) or a vaccine authorized for emergency use by the World Health Organization (WHO) can travel safely within the United States:
    • Fully vaccinated travelers do not need to get tested before or after travel unless their destination requires it
    • Fully vaccinated travelers do not need to self-quarantine
  • Even if you are fully vaccinated, you will still be required to wear a mask on planes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation traveling into, within, or out of the United States, and in U.S. transportation hubs such as airports and stations.
  • If traveling by air, check if your airline requires any health information, testing, or other documents.

International Travel

Get the most up-to-date information on this topic on CDC’s website.

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