Which Diseases Can I Protect My Baby From?

Some diseases from which your baby can be protected remain common in the United States. Others are less common but still pose a risk to children in the U.S. because the diseases carry significant illness in other parts of the world. Luckily, we have the ability to protect children from 14 serious diseases in the first few years of their lives. Learn more about these vaccine-preventable diseases by clicking the links below and viewing Every Child By Two’s interactive Vaccine-Preventable Diseases eBook:

A Vaccine-Preventable Diseases eBook:


Without treatment, 40% to 50% of infected people die from diphtheria, with the highest death rates in children under 5 and adults over 40.

Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib):

Prior to the vaccine, serious Hib disease killed about 1,000 children in the U.S. each year.

Hepatitis A:

Approximately 1 in 5 people with Hepatitis A have to be hospitalized.

Hepatitis B:

Newborns that become infected with the Hepatitis B virus have a 90% chance of developing lifelong infection.


Each year in the U.S., more than 20,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized and approximately 100 die as a result of the flu.


In the U.S., roughly 1 in 5 people who develop measles require hospitalization for 1 or more complications from the disease.

Meningococcal disease:

Approximately 1 out of every 10 people with meningococcal disease will die.


Before the MMR vaccine, mumps made approximately 200,000 people sick each year in the U.S. Cases of mumps still occur in the U.S.


90% of pertussis-associated deaths have been among infants less than one year old.

Pneumococcal disease:

Before the vaccine was available in the U.S., pneumococcal disease caused about 700 cases of meningitis, 13,000 cases of bacteremia, and 5 million middle ear infections each year among children younger than 5 years old.


Before polio vaccines were available, polio outbreaks caused more than 15,000 causes of paralysis each year in the U.S.


Before the rotavirus vaccine was introduced in the U.S., rotavirus was responsible for up to 70,000 hospitalizations, approximately 200,000 emergency room visits and up to 60 deaths among children younger than 5 years of age every year.


Approximately 85% of infants born to mothers infected with rubella during their first trimester of pregnancy will develop congenital rubella syndrome, resulting in serious birth defects.


Up to 20% of reported tetanus cases end in death.


Before the varicella vaccine, the U.S. reported an estimated 4 million cases of chickenpox a year, leading to approximately 11,000 hospitalizations and 100 deaths.